Year 5


Now try-



How to subtract numbers

To subtract numbers from each other you can use a variety of written methods such as the column method, or a number line; or you could use a mental arithmetic method.

Resources for physically subtracting numbers together could include: an abacus, a 100 square, Cuisinaire rods, Numicon, Base 10 or simply use cubes or counters.

   Try using more than one method and practice checking your answers with a calculator.


Government guidelines (Year 5)

      Pupils should be taught to:

  • add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)

  • add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers

  • use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy

  • solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts, deciding which operations and methods to use and why.


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Subtraction worksheets - Year 5 Primary maths resources, activities and worksheets

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Subtract from 5-digit numbers