Year 2


Now try-



How to subtract numbers

To subtract numbers from each other you can use a variety of written methods such as the column method, or a number line; or you could use a mental arithmetic method.

Resources for physically subtracting numbers together could include: an abacus, a 100 square, Cuisinaire rods, Numicon, Base 10 or simply use cubes or counters.

   Try using more than one method and practice checking your answers with a calculator.


Government guidelines (Year 2)

      Pupils should be taught to:

    • Solve problems with addition and subtraction:Using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures

      • Applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

    • Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100

    • Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:

      • A two-digit number and ones

      • A two-digit number and tens

      • Two two-digit numbers

      • Adding three one-digit numbers

    • Show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot

    • Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.


Crown copyright 2013

Subtraction worksheets - Year 2 Primary maths resources, activities and worksheets

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Subtracting 1-digit numbers,
from numbers up to 100